When it comes to safely operating a truck-mounted crane, you have to know your equipment and properly plan your job. A mobile crane safety training course will help. OSHA-approved courses are designed to prepare crane operators, riggers, signalers, engineers, construction managers, contractors and inspectors for the safe execution of heavy lifts.
The first element is the most important, since creating a crane safety plan is where on-site crane operations detailed planning starts. A general contractor or construction manager often prepare the site safety plan in cooperation with the subcontractors. It covers all phases of safety. It details how certain processes are performed and contains lift plans that describe the procedures to be used for each lift.
One of several pages in a typical safety plan.
A site-specific safety plan helps all businesses stakeholders comply with OSHA and other regulations. It also lays out a process for identifying and managing hazards and reporting accidents. Filled out correctly, it will ensure compliance by doing all the following and more:
- Determine where the crane will be during lifts;
- Specify who will operate the crane;
- Check procedures for the inspection and/or load testing of cranes, both when cranes first arrive on the site and during the course of construction;
- Make sure workers performing rigging and lifting operations are familiar with proper rigging procedures, and that rigging is supervised by;
- Ensure a lift plan for production lifts and separate lift plans for each critical lift;
- Establish a procedure for disseminating the plans to all parties involved.
At a large job site, multiple contractors coordinate their safety programs to avoid overlap, omissions and conflicts. The unified approach is what this "site-specific” plan is for. When different stakeholders have their own safety plans, the general contractor or lift director must develop a site-specific safety plan that takes site-specific conditions into account.
At the Job Site
Following a site-specific safety plan means first inspecting the work zone. Take note of your proximity to power lines and any other overhead obstacles. After you’ve determined the footprint of your cranes and other equipment, you’ll need to prepare the site. High axle loads mean high ground pressures, so you’ll need to know what support and other groundwork will need to be put in place in advance.
Figure out where the paths to and from the work zone are at the start, middle and end of the project. These zones will be anywhere the cranes, their load, the load line or any rigging could reach their maximum working radius. These zones will be designated in the way your team has pre-determined (usually with flags or range-limiting warning devices). These established limits protect equipment, and they protect workers. Ensure proper signage is everywhere required and that it’s visible to your workers.
Inspect your cranes and all other equipment, being sure to keep careful records at every step of the way. Have a crane assembly plan that takes into account procedures needed to adapt the manufacturer’s instructions to a particular job site conditions.Local regulations may require a third-party inspection and/or certification before operation. Naturally, you’ll also need a dismantling plan for when the lifts are done.
LC Crane Parts and Service technicians know how to create and follow a safety plan. We’re here to help make sure your mobile cranes are ready for safe and reliable operations. Contact us today for the parts and maintenance needed to keep your cranes up and your business running smoothly.